Wednesday, January 15, 2014
Private Equity Investments in ex U.S. Developed and Emerging Markets Outperformed Their Public Market Counterparts in the Second Quarter
Private equity and venture capital funds investing primarily in developed markets outside the U.S. posted a positive return for the second quarter and improved on their first-quarter performance. Private equity investments in emerging markets had the opposite result, falling from a solid first-quarter to a slightly negative return for the period, according to global institutional investment advisor Cambridge Associates LLC (C|A).
The Cambridge Associates LLC Global ex U.S. Developed Markets Private Equity and Venture Capital Index increased 2.4% in the period ending on June 30, 2013, as measured in U.S. dollars. The results were helped by a stronger Euro during the quarter. The Cambridge Associates LLC Emerging Markets Private Equity and Venture Capital Index dropped 0.4% over the same period. For comparison, the MSCI EAFE index fell 1.0% during the quarter, and the MSCI Emerging Markets index dropped 8.0%.
Both private equity indices outperformed their public market counterparts in six of the eight time periods shown. The developed markets index fell behind the MSCI EAFE only on shorter time horizons (the year-to-date and the one-year marks), while the emerging markets index lagged the MSCI Emerging Markets index only over two longer terms – the 10- and 15-year periods.
Q2 Highlights from the C|A ex U.S. Global Developed Markets Inde
xThe Two Largest Vintage Years were also the Top Two Performers
Only five vintage years in the developed markets benchmark represented at least 5% of the index’s value (significantly-sized). Of these, funds raised in 2007, the second largest vintage, earned the quarter’s best return, 3.3%. Funds raised in 2006, the largest vintage, earned the second highest return, 3.0%. Together, the 2006 and 2007 funds represented almost 52% of the index’s value, making them by far the largest contributors to the index’s performance for the quarter. The 2005 vintage year funds earned 1.3%, the lowest return among the top five vintages.
Capital Calls and Distributions both Increased over Q1
Fund managers in the developed markets index called $6.7 billion from their limited partners (LPs) in the second quarter, a 10.4% increase over the first quarter. LP contributions for the first six months of 2013, however, were the lowest for any six-month period since the second and third quarters of 2009. Distributions for the second quarter were up sharply, to $12.7 billion, a 43.2% increase from the previous quarter’s total. Four vintages – 2007, 2008, 2011, and 2012 – accounted for about 79% of the second quarter’s total distributions, as well as about 82% of its capital contributions.
Media Had the Highest Return among the Largest Sectors
Six of the seven significantly-sized sectors earned positive returns for the quarter. Media companies did best as a sector, returning 7.9%, with healthcare a fairly close second, returning 7.4%. The only negatively-performing sector was energy, which returned -0.2%. Consumer companies represented almost 27% of the index’s value, which was by far the largest of any sector, and earned a collective return of 4.1%.
The U.K. Had the Top Return among the Largest Developed Markets
Five countries represented 62.4% of the index, with all but one (the U.S.) located in Western Europe. Returns among the five ranged from a high of 7.6% for companies headquartered in the U.K. to a low of -1.3% for those having headquarters in Germany. U.S.-based companies were the second-best performers in the index, earning a return of 4.3% for the quarter.
Q2 Highlights from the C|A Emerging Markets Inde
xThe emerging markets index remained concentrated along three dimensions in the second quarter: vintage year, sector, and geographical region. Five vintage years represented 84% of the index’s value; companies in five sectors comprised just under 71% of the index; and businesses located in only four countries represented slightly over 54% of the index.
Performance among the Largest Vintage Years Was Mixed
Of the five largest vintage years in the emerging markets index, two posted small positive gains in the second quarter, while the other three had similarly small losses. The range from top to bottom was only 3.2%, with funds raised in 2006 returning 1.5%, the best in the group, and those raised in 2007 returning -1.7%, the lowest return among the five. Increases in the valuations of healthcare companies were the main drivers of the 2006 vintage’s performance. Write-downs in the consumer, financial services, and construction sectors hurt the 2007 vintage’s return.
Record-Setting Level of Distributions
As in the developed markets index, capital contributions and distributions both rose over the prior quarter. “After falling more than 50% in the first quarter, contributions were up 75% to $3.4 billion. Distributions increased dramatically as well, jumping 123% to $5.6 billion, the highest quarterly amount in the 27-year history of the emerging markets index. This was also the second quarter in a row in which managers in the index distributed more capital than they called,” said C|A Managing Director Miriam Schmitter.
Almost 60% of the total dollar amount of calls came from managers of funds raised in 2006, 2007, and 2008. More than three-quarters of the capital distributions during the quarter went to limited partners of funds raised in vintage years 2005 and 2007.
Information Technology was the Top-performing Sector
Three of the five meaningfully-sized sectors in the emerging markets index had negative returns for the quarter: consumer, financial services, and manufacturing. Of the three, financial services had the weakest performance, earning a -2.6% return. Information technology and healthcare were the two largest sectors with positive returns, earning 6.4% and 4.5%, respectively.
Russia Returns to “Meaningfully Sized” Status
Only four countries represented more than 4% of the emerging markets index’s value. Companies headquartered in Mainland China continued to dominate the index, representing 34.7% of the benchmark’s value and earning 0.7% for the period. India-based companies were a distant second, representing 9.0% of the benchmark and falling 4.6% for the period. Rounding out the top four regions were Russia, which regained its designation as significantly-sized, and South Korea. Both posted positive returns for the quarter: Russia earned 1.9%, the highest return of the four largest regions, while South Korea earned 1.6%, the second highest.